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Apart from park, garden and arcs’ decoration, apart from blossoming in sideways alleys and massive lanes and apart from mass rose oil production, the queen of flowers makes its way into the family of indoor plants. Grown in plants, boxes, beautiful wooden kegs or stone planters, the rose has firmly entered the concrete jungle. It has accommodated itself on balconies and terraces, and took even the highest floors.
What Types of Miniature Roses to Grow Indoors
In order to grow the roses indoors for decorations, you need special sorts – some of them so miniature, that their flowers can pass through a ring. It’s difficult to exhaust the list, but the most widespread are:
- Hakuun – cream-white, reaches 40 cm in height;
- Little flirt – yellowish-orange, 30 cm high;
- La White Pet – white, reaches only 20 cm in height;
- Mister Bluebird – lilac, reaches 25 cm;
- Robin (also known as Perla de Alcanada) – dark wine red. Reaches 30 cm and divaricates a lot;
- The Fairy – pink, reaches 40 cm;
If you want to use larger planters, you can include the sorts from the groups of polyantha hybrid roses or Floribunda. Among them:
- Arthur Bell – yellow, 70 cm high;
- Eutin – cherry red, with around 100 flowers on a single stem, 60 cm tall and distinguishably fragrant;
- Lilly Marlene – red, up to 50 cm high;
- Orange Triumph – brick red, up to 70 cm high;
What Do Roses Need to Grow Well
Grown indoors in pots, the roses require more care than the outdoor ones, but compensate with a unique environment in your home. Depending on the sort, you will have to pick the container, too. Use a soil mixture that is rich in nutrients and slightly permeable. The most adequate recipe will be 2 parts of lawn soil, 2 parts of well-decomposed animal waste, 1 part of mould and 1 part of sand.
The most appropriate time to plant the roses is during autumn or during spring. Cut the roots in advance, and leave around 3 to 4 buds over the ground. Place a piece for drainage over the pot’s opening. After that put a layer of sand – around 1-2 cm, and then the soil mixture. Pat well around the roots. Leave around 2 cm of space between the soil and the pot’s edge, and immediately water the pot.
During the summer season, you can take out the blossoming roses on the balcony or in the garden. In this case it’s recommended to bed them into boxes with sand. It has to be always moist so that the plants will be protected from any extra overheating.
Feeding and Trimming
During flowering time, feed the roses a couple of times with mineral fertilizers – 2 grams diluted in 1 litre of water. During autumn when the leaves fall down, lower the watering. This way the plants prepare to pass through the necessary break period, which they can also spend in the open air. If you prefer the roses to began blossoming during the winter-spring period, you need to bring them inside the rooms during the desired time and begin to water them, by gradually raising the water dose.
Trimming happens just before vegetation. Depending on the rose sort, the height at which you trim them varies. Polyantha roses should be cut from the 3rd bud, the tea hybrid ones – at 3rd or 4th, perennial ones – not before the 5th or 6th. The sorts that blossom all the time need trimming during the whole summer. The overblown flowers are trimmed together with a couple of unformed growing buds beneath them. This way you will provide for the next rich blossoming.
Knowing how much and when to water house plants can be tricky. Every plant has different needs and is also affected by the water-holding capacity of the soil being used in the pot. If you have noticed that the soil dries out very quickly you may have to water your rose plant every day, otherwise, you can water it on alternate days. A good way to know when to water your plants is to place your finger around 1-2 inches into the soil. If it is damp there is no need to add more water but if it is dry your plant will be thankful for the water.
Light is essential for plant growth, so in order for your roses to be healthy you should place them near a south-facing window with good ventilation, this will allow the plant to bask in 6-8 hours of glorious sunlight.
If you don’t have any south facing windows, or there is not a lot of natural light in your home, your roses can be grown using fluorescent lighting. Keep in mind that as the lights need to be left on for 6-8 hours each day your monthly energy bill may increase.
Allowing dust to gather on the leaves of your house plants provides the perfect breeding area for spider mites, aphids and mildew, all of which have a detrimental effect on the health of your plants. Once or twice a week carefully wash the leaves by spraying them with soapy water and wiping with a soft cloth, plants rely on their leaves to breathe so keeping them clean and clear of dust helps to aid growth as well as keeping harmful pests at bay.
Indoor Roses Containers
You have to be aware of what the container is made of and what are its material’s properties, in order to take adequate measures when growing roses inside.
- Wooden pots – such as kegs and boxes have a bad thermal conductivity and because of that the roots don’t suffer from sudden temperature changes.
- Stone containers – beds and vases – the temperature influences them, as they are comparatively easy to heat and cool.
- Ceramic containers – the ones without any coating let the air reach the roots and ease their breathing.
- Plastic containers – easy, light, durable and cheap. In them, the soil substrate dries out slower, but they also heat quickly under the sun.
When you are growing roses in pots, you have to bear in mind the fact that those plants are cold-resistant and can stay outside in the winter without freezing out. For them the hot summer days are riskier, when, due to overheating of the pot, it’s possible to accidentally roast the roots of the plant which will lead to it dying out. This requires putting the pots under shade and regularly watering them.
If you buy roses in a pot directly from the store, when you get back home you have to immediately transfer them in a larger pot. Pour water in it a few hours beforehand, so that the soil can remain solid around the roots.