Wood Vs Composite Decking – Which Works Better?

Last update: 3 months ago

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wooden deck

The battle between wood and composite decking materials has been going on for decades with mixed results. While wood decks were clearly winning the bids until some ten years ago, the composite decking materials improved immensely in terms of structure, durability and safety. Nowadays, the choice between both comes down to your own budget and personal preferences.

However, let’s examine the details between both wood and composite deckings and ultimately give you an overview on which one to choose for your new porch or terrace.

Here Fantastic Gardeners will teach you:

  • The differences and similarities between wood and composite deck platforms.
  • The cost factor and maintenance efforts put into both types of decking.
  • What’s next after you make your choice
  • Fantastic Gardeners can give you a hand in deck building, with both wood and composite materials.

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Wood Decking


Wood decking made from natural and high-quality materials withstands the test of time. If your goals are long-term, then a wooden deck will be a great choice.

Expenses

The budget you need for a woodwork deck project varies from softwood to hardwood. Choose the best softwood timber according to affordability, colour and installation method. No pre-drilling is necessary, neither any kind of budget-soaring hidden fastening installations.

Pine softwood decks go in the price range between 120 to 140 pounds per square metre.

Cedar also happens to be softwood but it’s out of the cheap range of products. It ranges between 160 to 180 pounds per square metre. Make sure that the screws are made of stainless steel – otherwise other metals might react in an unpleasant way with the cedar and leave black spots.

Don’t expect any cheap options when it comes to hardwood decking. In the UK, Ipe is one of the most common decking materials, as it is durable, but there are other options, such as Elondo, Teak, Merbau, Belinga, Kebony, Iroko, Cumaru, Kurupay and Massaranduba. Most of those come from South America and South-East Asia with their own specific traits, colour and grain differences.

The British standard for wood and wood-based products durability (BS EN 350-1) consists of 5 classes:

  • I – high durability
  • II – durability
  • III – moderate durability
  • IV –  low durability
  • V – no durability

A hardwood decking should have class 1 – otherwise it’s not worth the money and its maintenance costs will very soon outpass the initial investment.

With installation methods varying, the most popular one is using pre-drilled boards. One of the cheapest hardwood materials, pre-drilled and with basic design, will cost anywhere between 190 and 220 pounds per square meter.

Maintenance

Wood decks of lower quality  such as pine, whereas ipe and mahogany can more easily withstand climate changes.

If the wood absorbs moisture quickly, then it will need to be sealed and stained. You can check if that’s the case by pouring a bit of water on top. If it remains on the surface, you can still postpone. Seal and stain the wood deck once every couple of years. If the surface gets dirty in the middle of this time, then use a non-abrasive cleaner to polish the wood but nothing too harsh. You can always refer to a pro with enough experience to handle this troublesome task.


Composite Decking


Aluminium composite decking panels are already a popular decking type. They contain wooden starch and plastic (polypropylene). This material is well-established in practice as it looks stylish – it’s not easy to distinguish between composite and natural wood at first sight. This is due to the fact that the better part of the composite mixture (around 60 to 80%) is made of pieces of wood. The rest of it is reserved for compounds, such as polyethylene, UV-stabilisers, pigments and so on. Therefore, this type of material is also known as WPC – wood polymer composite.

Expenses

The price of the decking heavily depends on the different manufacturer, as well as the material, shape and complexity. Anywhere between 180 and 240 pounds – it will include the installation fee, too.

Different manufacturers in and about London include:

  • EcoDek;
  • Tilon;
  • Xyltech;
  • Exterpark Tech Composite Decking;

Maintenance

Nowadays, decking designers love the composite decks and apply it to form terraces, porches, alleys, children playgrounds, outdoor areas, quays and pools. Of course, the main disadvantage of the composite wood is that it’s not entirely a natural product. However, looking at the fact that you are surrounded by plastic – from the electric appliances to your toothbrush – you won’t be able to move to an environment where you’re living with natural materials ONLY. Furthermore, thanks to the polymer compounds inside the boards, several qualities that are highly sought after come into play:

  • Water and radiation resistance;
  • Resistant to some biological threats (bacteria, insects, rodents), but not mould;
  • Durable to mechanical pressure;
  • Resistant to different cleaning chemicals;
  • Temperature resistant (between -60 to +80 °C).

Some composite manufacturers set a very long expiry date on their products – up to50 years. Another comfortable benefit is this material doesn’t require periodical grinding or painting of the surface. The composite boards can be both hollow or solid, with hollow being of lesser quality – holding moisture leads to warping and deconstruction of the material. Solid composite resembles natural wood the most.

Despite the above given qualities, contrary to some outdated advertising, composite decks are not maintenance free. Mould and pollen are their natural enemies. In order to lower the damage, always pick cleaning detergents that are specifically made for composite materials – otherwise, there’s a risk to fade the colour of the deck. Opt for a professional that is certified to deal with hard-to-remove stains when the situation’s beyond hope.


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6 CommentsLeave a comment

  • Hi name is Claudia and I have a big garden around my house that i maintain very well. I was planning to do some decking work in my garden. When i came across your article it gave me a clear idea in terms of what to use its advantages and disadvantages. Thanks for your article that work has started in my garden and will look perfect very soon. Keep up your good work.

  • Thanks for sharing this useful article.People may easily understand about wood plastic composite. These plastic composite gives natural wood look with elegance beauty.

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