With the festive season swiftly approaching us, it is only natural we start planning our holiday decorations. A fresh Christmas tree is among the first things that come to anyone’s mind when we think of winter and the holidays. However, not everyone knows what it takes to maintain a healthy appearance in a conifer.
Pruning for evergreens is just as important as it is for deciduous trees. If done the proper way, it can improve the appearance and health of your Christmas tree, maintain its compact size and traditional shape, control foliage and density.
As stressful as pruning may sound, you shouldn’t panic yet. Trimming a Christmas tree can be easy once you get the hang of it. For a smooth shearing, check our recommendations below on when and how to prune a Christmas tree.
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What is the best time to prune a Christmas tree?
Evergreen trees, unlike deciduous trees, stay green all year round, although they still go through seasonal needle changes during which the plant sheds and renews its foliage.
The spruce, pine and fir tree varieties can be pruned at almost any time of the year. Generally, the best time to do the annual prune is early spring or during summer.
Alternatively, pruning in late summer and autumn also works well for evergreen trees. If you are looking to encourage the development of new buds specifically, we recommend shearing in mid-June or July.
Keep in mind that during the warmer months trees are more likely to be attacked by parasites, so it is important to know how to cut your Christmas tree’s branches in the safest way possible.
How to prune a Christmas tree
As already mentioned, pruning a Christmas tree is important, not only for the plant’s appearance and traditional shape but for its health, as well. However, cutting too extensively and rashly can leave behind open wounds which in turn will become an easy entrance for bacteria.
Use pruning shear or loppers to trim your Christmas tree without damaging its branches. You can also opt for an electric chainsaw. Moreover, always try to cut at an angle.
Conifers are fast-growing trees. The growing of Christmas trees in a pot is usually restrained by the size of the container, but if you are growing the tree in your garden, expect it to reach a great height. If you are wondering which branches of your tree should make the cut, consider the following:
- To maintain the traditional shape of a Christmas tree, cut back any protruding or badly positioned branches. Generally, it is recommended that the width of the tree’s base should be two thirds that of its height.
- Make sure to remove the broken, dried up or diseased branches. There is no need for them to feed on the tree’s energy. You also wouldn’t want to risk disease transferring to the rest of the tree.
- If your tree has developed multiple leaders, choose the weakest of them and prune them back. If a leader is still in development, simply cut close to the branch collar. Otherwise, cut 2-3 cm above a good bud and remove all buds below this one to prevent the formation of future leaders.
- In the case of a pine tree, all terminal shoots on each lateral branch have to be trimmed to encourage bud development. That is not required with spruces and fir trees.
Will trimming a Christmas tree kill it?
Trimming a Christmas tree, if done correctly, should never kill the plant. Fresh wounds from pruning can leave the tree exposed to diseases or frost during winter but there are ways to avoid that. For example, cutting the top of an evergreen tree will leave a huge pruning wound that can potentially make the plant a target of deadly infections.
However, if you keep in mind several things while shearing and shaping your Christmas tree, you can decrease the chance of disease infection. Here are some things to be careful about when pruning your evergreen tree:
- Specialists recommend avoiding cutting the top of the tree or shortening the main branches as conifers don’t regrow branches from cutting points.
- Don’t clip into the collar or the parent branch. That is where the natural defences of the tree are located. If you cut into the collar or closer to the truck, you will damage the tissues capable of closing cutting wounds.
- Moreover, cutting at a 45-degree angle is important so that water doesn’t collect on the cut surface and promotes the development of diseases.
Does pruning seem like too much work? Book a service!
Following the advice of professional gardeners can make pruning a Christmas tree easy and safe. Still, this process can be time-consuming and rather difficult if you don’t have the necessary tools.
In case you don’t have the time or the skills to handle the annual Christmas tree trimming on your own, don’t worry as this is totally fine. Consider contacting a qualified tree surgeon.
Professionals like tree surgeons use specialised equipment, can deal with even the highest trees and know how to trim a Christmas tree back to its healthy appearance. Book a pruning service today and let Fantastic Gardeners do the job for you.
You don’t have a Christmas tree for this year’s holiday? No worries, Fantastic Gardeners has your back! Book a Christmas tree delivery today and enjoy an authentic Christmas atmosphere.
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Image source: Shutterstock / triocean