How to Take Care of Orchids

Last update: 6 months ago

4 min read

how to take care of orchids

Orchid seeds are widely available and can be a wonderful addition to your garden. They’re suitable for both indoor and outdoor gardening.

It also possesses a lot of environmental, health and beauty benefits besides being a beautiful flower. However, taking care of orchid might seem a tedious task sometimes if you don’t know the right strategies.

Fertilizer frequency and quantity

The right amount and frequency of fertilizer is the secret to get those perfectly bloomed orchids. You should provide fertilizers only once a month. You can find fertilizers labeled as ‘orchid food’ in nurseries or online.

Just following the instructions on the package is good enough for proper fertilizing. Be careful about the amount in applying fertilizer.

Using more fertilizer can adversely affect the roots and leaves which in turn inhibits blooming of buds. If you use less fertilizer, it will impact the growth of the plant in a negative way.

Light and temperature requirement

The orchid plant has to be maintained within the temperature range 50 to 75 F. The light conditions should be optimum, that is not too much light or not too less.

A good indicator for checking if the lighting is alright or not is through the color of leaves. The color of the leaves should be bright green if the lighting conditions are appropriate.

If the leaves are dark green colored, it means the lighting is not sufficient and red colored leaves’ indicate the plant is getting too much light.

Amount of water required

A common myth regarding plants is that they should be watered regularly. Well, in case of orchids it’s not entirely true.

The watering amount will depend on the variety of orchid you are growing. Make sure you ask your florist about the seed breed.

For varieties such as Cymbidium, Miltonia and Papheopedilum, the plants should be kept wet and soggy all the time. For Ascocenda and Venda, keep the plant dry between two consecutive watering.

How to Take Care of Orchids

Orchids are widely sold as wholesale flowers for weddings, decorations and other occasions. You can easily sell them or use the blooms for other purposes. Therefore, proper growth of the bloom is important.

  • Poke a ginger into the soil near the orchid. This way you can find out if it needs to be watered. The soil should never feel dry.
  • Cut the stem of the oldest bloom. This is the best thing you can do if the plant has stopped growing. This will give scope for the newest blooms to grow.
  • If blooming takes too much time, the most common reason is not enough light. This problem is most common when the plant is grown indoors. Orchids are fairly easy to grow, once their basic needs are met. Simply move the plant to a place with brighter natural light.

Remember that the growth of orchid plants is naturally slow and so you will have to be patient while checking its growth.

Common pests to be aware of

If you grow orchids through organic seeds, the probability of pests attacking is comparatively lower. However, prevention is always better than cure! Therefore, you should use pesticides to get rid of the pests. Some of the common pests that can hinder the plant growth include:

  • scale insects;
  • mealy bugs;
  • aphids;
  • thrips.

These bugs easily attack the tender leaves and steps that inhibit the growth of blooming buds. Consult with the local florist about the usage of pesticides according to the variety of orchid and the bugs that are attacking.

Growing medium

The growing medium differs according to the breed you are growing. We would recommend to plant only one category of orchids as the caring mechanism is breed specific and you can easily get them at a reasonable cost as wholesale flower seeds.

For instance, terrestrial orchids require a moisture rich soil as medium whereas epiphytes require an open medium.

FAQs regarding orchid care

When should I re-pot the plant?

You should re-pot the plant after two to three years of interval.

What will cause my plant to crinkle?

Lack of water will make the plant crinkle.

What does black blotches on the leaves mean?

It means the plant was exposed to too much sunlight.

We would recommend that you stick to only one or two species of orchids for your convenience in terms of both cost and maintenance of the plant. The growth of the plant is slow compared to other blooms and you need to be patient with the plant to get the desired blooms.

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